By Juliana Capizzi and Mia Romano
So print journalism is dying. Who cares? Coincidence or not, Along with print news, objective journalism is coming to an end. Americans often opt to read news from biased, polarized right and left wing media outlets that support their own ideals. Opinionated pieces appeal to those who agree with the source’s take on the topics, regardless of its reliability. This can lead to the consumption of fake news.
With the increase of polarized media news outlets and strong polarization in politics today, more people have been found to consume news sources that reinforce their views. The idea of choosing to consume information that supports one’s preexisting beliefs and avoid that which contradicts them is selective exposure.
It all starts with a shift from reading physical newspapers to the consumption of news online. People are blinded by the convenience of being able to access news through the Internet. Today, people are reading news sources whose ideas align with their own. Since human interactions are now largely based on communications online, selective exposure has evolved. Rather than surround one’s self with those who agree with their ideologies, media users follow one another to keep updated with each other’s lives and the news.
Next, there is movement further and further away from printed news, as the use of social media grows. “I do tend to find myself surrounding myself with media that relates mainly to my own opinions,” said sophomore Gaby Karakcheyeva. “All my news comes from the same, [few] sources, unless I decide to go out of my way to find the other side of the topic,” which she estimates to be about 10 percent of the time. Some think that selective exposure is due to a certain stubbornness that we have as a society. “News has become biased just because of our current culture and how headstrong we’ve become recently as a society,” said Karakcheyeva. On the other hand, some think that it is an unavoidable part of our nature as humans. “It’s inevitable to try to seek out things
that support your own opinions,” said another sophomore Hannah Wilks. “Everyone seeks out information that supports what they want to hear, I think it’s a human thing. We want to hear something that validates our own opinions.”
Then, without even knowing, people become trapped. They are stuck in a constant cycle of ideas that they already believe in. This is what many refer to as the Echo Chamber. People should be aware that what they’re reading and viewing isn’t always reliable even if it’s what they want to hear The media plays a central role in informing the public, and today a lot news does revolve around politics. But maybe politics is what needs to be spoken about. Hannah Wilks said, “Nearly everything in this day and age relates to politics at some point. So yes, news has become more politically centered, but I think that means that it’s focusing on ‘actual news.’” Journalism may always be politically motivated, but in the years to come it is certain that the downfall of some types of journalism is upon us, in this case: print.
Graphic by Kelsea Petersen